Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976, the doctrine of “fair use” permits some reproduction of copyrighted works for educational purposes without the permission of the copyright owner. This doctrine of fair use is subject to limitations. Neither the statute nor judicial decisions, however, give specific practical guidance on what reproduction constitutes fair use. Faculty members seeking guidance for making decisions in this area may consult the document Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians, which is accessible from UA’s Copyright Statement. Each faculty member is responsible for determining whether permission must be obtained before reproducing a copyrighted work. Duplication of computer software by University personnel is limited to only what is explicitly permitted by the software vendor.